Install arch into virtualbox

This atricle is based on information found on: https://erikdubois.be/how-to-install-arch-linux/

 

FASE 1

cfdisk /dev/sda

label type: gpt
delete all partitions

Mount point Partition Partition type (GUID) Bootable flag Suggested size
/boot /dev/sdx1 EFI System Partition Yes 260–512 MiB
[SWAP] /dev/sdx2 Linux swap No More than 512 MiB
/ /dev/sdx3 Linux No Remainder of the device

SWAP Recommandations

Amount of RAM in the system Recommended swap space Recommended swap space if allowing for hibernation
⩽ 2GB 2 times the amount of RAM 3 times the amount of RAM
> 2GB – 8GB Equal to the amount of RAM 2 times the amount of RAM
> 8GB – 64GB At least 4 GB 1.5 times the amount of RAM
> 64GB At least 4 GB Hibernation not recommended

 

Resulting for our system in:

sda1 512MB [EFI System]
sda2 2GB [Linux swap]
sda3 Remainder [Linux filesystem]
MAKE NOTE OF THE PARTUUID OF sda3, WE WILL NEED THIS LATER!
write – yes -quit

mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/sda1
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda3
mkswap /dev/sda2
swapon /dev/sda2
mount /dev/sda3 /mnt
mkdir /mnt/boot
ount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot
pacstrap -i /mnt base base-devel
genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
arch-chroot /mnt /bin/bash
nano /etc/locale.gen

uncomment these line
en_US.UTF8 UTF-8
CTRL + X , yes, enter

locale-gen
echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf
export LANG=en_US.UTF-8
rm /etc/localtime
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Amsterdam /etc/localtime
hwclock --systohc --utc
echo arch-base > /etc/hostname
nano /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost arch-base
::1 localhost.localdomain localhost arch-base

pacman -S networkmanager
systemctl enable NetworkManager
mkinitcpio -p linux
bootctl install
nano /boot/loader/entries/arch.conf

title Arch Linux
linux /vmlinuz-linux
initrd /initramfs-linux.img
options root=PARTUUID=********-****-****-****-************ rw

BE AWARE, USE LOWER CASE PARTUUID OF EARLIER NOTED PARTUUID, otherwisde it will not work!

passwd
umount /dev/sda3
exit
reboot

FASE 2

useradd -m -g users -G wheel,storage,power -s /bin/bash wouter
passwd wouter
EDITOR=nano visudo

remove # before
%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

pacman -S bash-completion
exit

FASE 3

Login as wouter!

sudo pacman -Syyu
sudo pacman -S reflector
sudo reflector -l 100 -f 50 -c NL -c BE -c DE --sort rate --threads 5 --verbose --save /tmp/mirrorlist.new
rankmirrors -n 0 /tmp/mirrorlist.new > /tmp/mirrorlist
sudo cp /tmp/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d
sudo pacman -Syu 

FASE 4

Login as wouter!

sudo pacman -S openssh
systemctl start sshd.service
systemctl enable sshd.service

FASE 5 – Install nome

sudo pacman -Syyu
sudo pacman -S gdm gnome virtualbox-guest-utils
systemctl enable gdm.service
sudo reboot now

FASE 6 – Install yaourt

sudo pacman -S --needed base-devel git wget yajl
git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/package-query.git
cd package-query/
makepkg -si

cd ..
git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yaourt.git
cd yaourt/
makepkg -si

cd ..
sudo rm -dR yaourt/ package-query/

FASE 7 – Install pamac

yaourt -S pamac-aur

Or we can keep it very simple end just install X

FASE 5

Login as wouter!

sudo pacman -S xorg-server xorg-xinit xf86-video-vesa xterm virtualbox-guest-utils
sudo gpasswd -a wouter video
sudo reboot

FASE 6

Login as wouter!

sudo systemctl edit getty@tty1
[Service]
ExecStart=
ExecStart=-/usr/bin/agetty --autologin username --noclear %I $TERM
sudo nano ~/.bash_profile
...
if [ -z "$DISPLAY" ] && [ -n "$XDG_VTNR" ] && [ "$XDG_VTNR" -eq 1 ]; then
  exec startx
fi
sudo reboot

FASE 6

Login as wouter!


Other usefull commands
To retrieve PARTUUID we can use:

blkid -s PARTUUID -o value /dev/sda3
sudo pacman -S 
 xorg-twm                 - simple window manager
 xorg-xclock              - clock
 xorg-apps                - toolts oa xrandx
 virtualbox-guest-utils   - virtalbox drivers
 xf86-video-nouveau       - opensource nvidia drivers

sudo pacman -S xfreerdp
xfreerdp /u:**** /p:**** /v:192.168.1.67 /f
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Setting up my Ubuntu laptop for work

A recently stepped over to Ubuntu as my daily driver on my work laptop.
Finding myself a little afraid to do stuff with it… because it is all new to me.
Gone is the comfort of years of experience in keeping my OS up and running.
Windows was the main OS i used for the last… 20 years or so.

Being a developer iḿ used to installing a bunch of tooling that will help me in my daily workflow.
Just installing all sorts of stuff without knowing what I’m doing is… risky.
Having to reinstall my laptop as a result of shitty choices i make is a expensive consequence that my clients wont accept.

So it’s time to create a safe playground for myself that will help me recover from stupid mistakes quickly.
The answer to this is visualization…
Having used VMWare for the last…. 15 years or so this was the first thing I thought of.
But why not look around if there is something better. if we already have to get accustomed to the changes in OS, why not take it to a whole new level.

Lets dive into Vagrant, Virtualbox and Docker!
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